2021考博英语作文词句素材:癌症不等于死亡

2020-10-03 08:17:00来源:网络

  2021考博英语复习在备考期间一定多看考博英语作文,英语作文素材的学习是日积月累的过程,背诵一些精美语句,新东方在线考博频道为大家分享:2021考博英语作文词句素材:癌症不等于死亡

  长久以来,人们谈“癌”色变,癌症是医学界难以攻克的问题,现在医疗水平不断发展,科学家不断研究新的阻止癌细胞扩散的方法,微型激光器的研究史一个很大的进步。本期写作素材节选自《经济学人》文章Microscopic lasers(微型激光器)。

  latest attempt, by Vladimir Zharov of the University of Arkansas and Mark Stockman of Georgia State University, in Atlanta, involves injecting cancer patients with hordes of tiny lasers that will seek out and destroy so-called circulating tumour cells (CTCs). These are cells that have broken off a primary tumour and which, if left unchecked, might lodge in various parts of the body and turn into secondary cancers, a process called metastasis.

  1.重点词汇

  (1)horde[hɔ:d]游牧部落;一大群(n.)

  →This attracts hordes of tourists to Las Vegas.

  这吸引了成群结队的游客到拉斯韦加斯来。

  (2)tumour[ˈtju:mə(r)]肿瘤(n.)

  →It wasn't cancer, only a benign tumour.

  这不是癌症,只是良性肿瘤。

  (3)lodge in 寄宿,固定(停留)在

  (4)metastasis [məˈtæstəsɪs]转移(n.)

  →Antioxidant represses the cancer metastasis through scavenging ros.

  抗氧化剂可以通过清除活性氧化物而抑制癌转移的发生。

  2.语法分析

  (1)句子主干:The latest attempt involves...

  (2)by短语修饰attempt,hordes of=many;

  (3)that定语从句修饰lasers,谓语是will seek out/ destroy。

  3.写作小贴士

  本句型可用于举例。

  The latest attempt, by..., involves ...that/which...

  例句:The latest attempt,by Chinese Academy of Sciences,involves putting a new-type of air purifier into use,which develops an excellent germicidal efficacy.

  中科院最近的尝试,将一款新型空气净化器投入使用,这款净化器的杀菌效果极好。

  4.整句翻译

  The latest attempt, by Vladimir Zharov of the University of Arkansas and Mark Stockman of Georgia State University, in Atlanta, involves injecting cancer patients with hordes of tiny lasers that will seek out and destroy so-called circulating tumour cells (CTCs). These are cells that have broken off a primary tumour and which, if left unchecked, might lodge in various parts of the body and turn into secondary cancers, a process called metastasis.

  阿肯萨斯大学的Vladimir Zharow和来自阿特兰大乔治亚州立大学的Mark Stockman的最新尝试将大量的微小激光器注射到癌症病人体内,这些激光器会找出并毁灭所谓的游离肿瘤细胞(CTCs)。CTCs是从原发肿瘤上脱落的细胞,如果被漏检,它们有可能会在身体的每一个组织上“寄宿”,并且成为二级癌症,这个过程称为癌细胞的转移。

  以上为新东方在线考博频道为大家整理的:“2021考博英语作文词句素材:癌症不等于死亡”文章,希望对大家考博英语作文复习有所帮助。

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