2021年医学考博英语范文及例句

2021-05-29 16:59:00来源:网络

  新东方在线考博频道给大家整理的2021年医学考博英语范文及例句,希望能够对大家的考博考试备考有所帮助,更多有关考博的备考内容,欢迎随时关注新东方在线考博频道。

  01 现状

  Violence against doctors in China has become a familiar occurrence.

  China is no stranger to hospital brawls(争吵).

  Violence against medical staff has made headlines in recent years, underscoring strained doctor-patients in China.

  Medical professionals across China are increasingly becoming victims of physical violence at the hands of disgruntled patients.

  Medical conflicts and disputes erupted in the county hospitals every month. Rising numbers of health professionals have experienced verbal or physical violence from patients.

  Medical conflicts and disputes erupted in the county hospitals every month. Rising numbers of health professionals have experienced verbal or physical violence from patients.

  Violence against doctors and other medical practitioners in China has been reported as an increasing problem.

  In recent years, disputes between doctors and patients in China have been increasingly common, resulting in frequent bouts of "verbal violence", physical altercates and even severe injuries and death in the most extreme cases.

  As China’s health sector has become increasingly commercialized, conflicts between patients and doctors have been escalating, sometimes even erupting in violence against health professionals.

  02 影响

  Doctors are obviously a disadvantaged group in society," says an orthopedist at a prestigious Beijing hospital who speaks on condition of anonymity. "We have spent so much of our youth on a medical degree that yields so little economic reward. And in the end, we become like a public enemy.

  Even worse, the attacks have already been shown to severely dampen the morale of doctors.

  Violence against doctors has been cited as one reason for a decrease in the popularity of medicine as a profession.

  In most western countries, medicine is a profession that guarantees prestige, high salaries—and the approval of parents who love to brag about “my child the doctor”. But in China, the reverse is increasingly true: doctors are ill-paid, overworked and maligned or –while many parents would prefer that they became bankers instead. Even Chinese doctors overwhelmingly prefer their children not to follow them into the profession.

  03 原因

  There is a severe shortage of medical resources in China.

  In recent years, some patients have resorted to violent attacks when they are not satisfied with the medical services received.

  Doctors are often blamed if a patient fails to recover or dies—even if the ailment is terminal and no malpractice has occurred.

  Historical precedent, culture and economics all factor into creating the reality that is today’s doctor-patient relationship.

  In some cases, doctors charged with saving lives are having their own cut short—murdered in cold blood over financial concerns, unhappiness with the quality of treatment, or the unfortunate death of a loved one who was under their care.

  The root cause of these tragedies may correlated with the surprisingly low opinion many Chinese have of doctors—considered among the most prestigious and respectable professions in Western societies.

  What could have caused such a tragedy to occur? The relatively high cost of treatment in a country where the average monthly salary is less than $600 may be one factor.

  Social conflict, loss of trust, and unbalanced demand and supply of medical resources underlie the rise in violence.

  Many of the reported attacks on Chinese medical practitioners have been by patients or their family members who were dissatisfied with the care they received.

  Violence may stem from patient dissatisfaction with care, costs associated with insurance premiums, unrealistic expectations, and overworked and underpaid hospital staff, as well as the rising cost of health care due to the government's inability to subsidize hospital operations. Lack of a third-party formal dispute resolution system in many hospitals has been suggested as a factor, and the acceptance of bribes or good-faith money in the form of red packets has been implicated. Media coverage, and a lack of health literacy amongst the Chinese population, who may often seek unnecessary high-level care, have also been implicated.

  04 对策

  The increased violence has drawn widespread attention from the public, who have called for more effective solutions.

  Enough awareness must be attached to the severity and complexity of medical dispute in China.

  A spate of attacks on doctors and nurses in the past two years has prompted the health ministry to provide better security at hospitals.

  The government needs to invest more funds to improve the healthcare sector, especially because it is still very difficult for poor people to get proper medical care. The lack of medical facilities for the lower-income group has led to many conflicts for which doctors have been blamed.

  The Chinese police will crack down on hospital-related crimes and show zero tolerance to perpetrators who assault and injure medical personnel.

  The government is currently working on reforming the medical industry, including breaking the tie between the doctor’s income and the hospital’s profitability. The hope is that this action will go far toward improving doctor-patient trust.

  Chinese state media has condemned each of the attacks, with the Ministry of Public Security requiring hospitals with more than 2,000 patients to have at least 100 security guards present. But economic and legal issues still persist—including the for-profit nature of many hospitals and the lack of a clear route for patients to file malpractice claims.

  The safety improvements did raise their sense of safety but does not tackle the fundamental problems that cause strained relationships between doctors and patients.

  以上就是新东方在线考博频道给大家整理的2021年医学考博英语范文及例句希望对大家有所帮助,更多备考内容,欢迎随时关注新东方在线考博频道。



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