2021年考博英语阅读模拟练习(三)

2021-06-05 16:51:00来源:网络

  新东方在线考博频道给大家整理的2021年考博英语阅读模拟练习(三),希望能够对大家的考博考试备考有所帮助,更多有关考博的备考内容,欢迎随时关注新东方在线考博频道。

  Recent research has claimed that an excess of positive ions in the air can have an ill effect on people's physical or psychological health. What are positive ions?Well,the air is full of ions,electrically charged particles,and generally there is a rough balance between the positive and the negative charged. But sometimes this balance becomes disturbed and a larger proportion of positive ions are found. This happens naturally before thunderstorm,earthquakes when winds such as the Mistral,Hamsin or Sharav are blowing in certain countries. Or it can be caused by a build-up of static electricity indoors from carpets or clothing made of man-made fibres,or from TV sets,duplicators or computer display screens. examda

  When a large number of positive ions are present in the air many people experience unpleasant effects such as headaches,fatigue,irritability,and some particularly sensitive people suffer nausea or even mental disturbance. Animals are also affected,particularly before earthquakes,snakes have been observed to come out of hibernation,rats to flee from their burrows,dogs howl and cats jump about unaccountably. This has led the US Geographical Survey to fund a network of volunteers to watch animals in an effort to foresee such disasters before they hit vulnerable areas such as California.

  Conversely,when large numbers of negative ions are present,then people have a feeling of well-being. Natural conditions that produce these large amounts are near the sea,close to waterfalls or fountains,or in any place where water is sprayed,or forms a spray. This probably accounts for the beneficial effect of a holiday by the sea, or in the mountains with tumbling streams or waterfalls.examda

  To increase the supply of negative ions indoors,some scientists recommend the use of ionisers:small portable machines,which generate negative ions. They claim that ionisers not only clean and refresh the air but also improve the health of people sensitive to excess positive ions. Of course,there are the detractors,other scientists,who dismiss such claims and are skeptical about negative/positive ion research. Therefore people can only make up their own minds by observing the effects on themselves,or on others,of a negative rich or poor environment. After all it is debatable whether depending on seismic readings to anticipate earthquakes is more effective than watching the cat.

  1.What effect does exceeding positive ionization have on some people?

  A.They think they are insane.

  B.They feel rather bad-tempered and short-fussed.

  C.They become violently sick.

  D.They are too tired to do anything.

  2.A high negative ion count is likely to be found___.

  A.near a pound with a water pump.

  B.close to a slow-flowing river.

  C.high in some barren mountains.

  D.by a rotating water sprinkler.

  3.In accordance with the passage,static electricity can be caused by___.

  A.using home-made electrical goods.

  B.wearing clothes made of natural materials.

  C.walking on artificial floor coverings.

  D.copying TV programs on a computer.

  4.What kind of machine can generate negative ions indoors?

  A.Ionisers.

  B.Air-conditioners.

  C.Exhaust-fans

  D.Vacuum pumps.

  5.Some scientists believe that___.

  A.watching animals to anticipate earthquakes is more effective than depending on seismography.

  B.the unusual behavior of animals cannot be trusted.

  C.neither watching nor using seismographs is reliable.

  D.earthquake

  [答案]

  1. B

  2. D

  3. C

  4. A

  5. A

  以上就是新东方在线考博频道给大家整理的2021年考博英语阅读模拟练习(三)希望对大家有所帮助,更多备考内容,欢迎随时关注新东方在线考博频道。



通用考博英语精品课程【节选】-1元领!

摸清考试命脉,有技巧有方法有准备地进入到考博英语中。

适用人群:对考博英语茫然不知如何下手,想通过考博英语的学子们。

本文关键字: 考博英语 考博

关注新东方在线服务号

回复【考博真题】领取备考必看真题集

更多资料
更多>>
更多内容

关注新东方在线服务号

回复【考博真题】领取备考必看真题集

更多>>
更多好课>>
更多>>
更多资料