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2019考博英语阅读训练3(附重点词汇)

2018-05-15 15:05:44 来源:网络考博资料下载

  考博英语阅读要多练多总结,新东方在线分享2019考博英语阅读训练3(附重点词汇),考博生们注意看:

2019考博英语阅读训练3(附重点词汇)

  Chinese output set to depress steel valuations Steel company valuations are poised for a fall as increased Chinese output is cutting its reliance on imported supplies.

  China, for long the main driver of surging demand, is making more of its own steel, causing a potential excess of supply in other parts of the world.

  Shares in BlueScope, Australia''s biggest steel company, dropped 15 per cent on Friday after it warned that profits this year would drop sharply due to higher steel production from China spilling into world markets, especially in Asia.

  Shares in ThyssenKrupp of Germany fell, along with other steel companies such as the Anglo-Dutch Corus and Luxembourg''s Arcelor, as investors reasoned that the BlueScope warning could have repercussions for steelmakers globally.

  Last month Ulrich Middelmann, deputy chairman of ThyssenKrupp was complaining about the high price of many metals companies.

  Now, however, he may be cheered by the fact that some of the steelmakers he might be keen to purchase would soon start to look more affordable.

  After a recent spate of consolidation in the industry, many steelmakers are looking at acquisitions.

  Large groups such as Arcelor and Mittal Steel have snapped up smaller companies to give themselves more power to dictate prices.

  After doubling in many markets in the previous three years, average prices for steel fell in the first six months of this year. However, they have edged up in recent weeks, helped by an increase in manufacturers'' stocks in the US.

  That trend now looks almost certain to go into reverse in the next six months, even though the fall in prices seems unlikely to be dramatic.

  The biggest culprit for the likely price decline is higher production in China which is not being matched by stronger internal demand. As a result, according to CRU, net imports into China of steel sheet an important indicator for the industry will fall from 23m tonnes in 2003 to 6.5m tonnes next year and 4.2m tonnes in 2007.

  The likely fall in steel exports from other countries into China does not look all that great but it promises to be enough to influence global pricing trends.

  一、参考译文

  全球钢铁企业的市值将出现下降,因为中国钢铁产量不断增加,令其正在减少对进口供应的依赖。

  长期以来,中国一直是钢铁需求飙升的主要推动力,但目前中国自己生产的钢铁增多,导致世界其它地区可能出现供应过剩。

  澳大利亚最大钢铁公司BlueScope的股价周五下挫15%,此前由于中国钢铁产量上升已影响全球市场,尤其是亚洲市场,公司警告今年利润将急剧下降。

  德国的蒂森克虏伯(ThyssenKrupp)股票与英荷哥鲁氏(Anglo-Dutch Corus)、卢森堡阿塞洛(Arcelor)等企业股票的价格相继下跌,因为投资者认为,BlueScope的预警可能会对全球钢铁业产生影响。

  蒂森克虏伯副董事长乌尔里希?米德曼(Ulrich Middelmann)上月抱怨说,许多金属企业价格很高。

  但眼下他或许会对一个事实感到高兴:不久后,他可能很想收购的一些钢铁生产商,会开始看上去价格更便宜、更能让人承受。

  在近期的钢铁行业整合大潮后,许多钢铁制造商正在考虑收购。

  阿塞洛和米塔尔钢铁(Mittal Steel)等大型集团已收购一些较小的企业,以使自己得到更大的定价能力。

  许多市场的钢铁均价在过去3年里上涨了一倍,而今年上半年价格则出现下跌。但最近几周,受美国制造商存货增加的推动,该价格又有所回升。

  现在看来,该趋势在今后6个月里几乎肯定会反转,尽管价格的下跌似乎不可能很剧烈。

  造成这种价格可能下跌的最大原因,是中国产量的上升,但该国的内需没有相应增加。结果,根据英国商品研究所(CRU)的数据,中国钢板净进口从2003年的2300万吨,将降至明年的650万吨,到2007年预计将降至420万吨。钢板净进口是钢铁行业的一个重要指标。

  其它国家对华钢铁出口可能下降,虽然降幅看上去不会如此之大,但看来足以影响全球定价趋势。

  二、重点词汇

  valuationn.估价,评价,计算

  surging n.浪涌,冲击

  potential adj.潜在的,可能的,势的,位的

  n.潜能,潜力,电压

  reasoned adj.详尽论述的,理由充分的

  purchasevt.买,购买

  n.买,购买

  consolidation n.巩固,合并

  acquisition n.获得,获得物

  dictate v.口述,口授,使听写,指令,指示,命令,规定

  n.指示(指理智,变心)

  dramatic adj.戏剧性的,生动的

  influence n.影响,感化,势力,有影响的人(或事), (电磁)感应

  vt.影响,改变

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