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2019考博英语形近词辨析(2)

2018-06-06 15:59:58 来源:网络考博资料下载

2019考博英语形近词辨析(2)

  11.apprehensive comprehensive

  apprehensive

  adj.忧虑的;担心的

  apprehensive for sb.'s safety

  comprehensive

  adj.全面的;广泛的;包含内容多的;详尽的

  The state government gave a very comprehensive explanation of its plans for the development of electronic industry.

  12 argument augment

  argument

  n.争论,辩论,论据,论点,~ (for,against),意见

  augment

  vt.& vi.增大;增加

  13. ascribe describe prescribe subscribe

  inscribe proscribe

  ascribe

  vt.归因于, 归咎于

  describe

  vt.描写,记述,形容,形容

  v.描述

  prescribe

  vt.&vi.开药方;处方;命令;规定

  The law prescribes what should be done.

  What punishment does the law prescribe for corruption?

  The doctor prescribed total abstinence.

  subscribe

  vt.& vi.(常与to,for连用)捐款;捐助;订购(报纸、杂志等)

  (常与 to 连用)同意,赞同

  inscribe

  vt.(常与 in,on,with 连用)题写;铭刻

  She inscribed her own name on the textbook.

  (常与to连用)题名

  This book I inscribe to my old comrades-in-arms.

  proscribe

  vt.禁止

  14. assent ascent

  assent

  vi.(常与to连用)同意

  ascent

  n.上升,(地位,声望等的)提高,攀登,上坡路

  15.dissent descent decent

  dissent

  vi.(常与 from 连用)持异议;不同意;意见不一致

  He and I dissented from each other in choosing

  a suitable candidate.

  descent

  n.下降;下滑;降下;下来;血统;遗传

  He traces his descent from an old Norman family.

  decent

  adj体面的,合适的

  16. assume resume consume presume

  assume

  vt.假定;假设

  I assume you always get up at the same time.

  采用;承担

  to assume new duties

  resume

  n.摘要,概略,<美>履历

  vt.再继续,重新开始,重新占用,再用,恢复

  consume

  vt.& vi.吃,喝;消耗;消费;花费

  His old car consumed much gasoline.

  毁灭;烧毁

  The fire soon consumed the old wooden

  buildings in the neighborhood.

  presume

  vt.&vi.(常与 that 连用)假定;假设;认为

  I presume from your speech that you are a

  foreigner.

  You must presume no such thing.

  当作;姑且认为

  If a person is missing for 7 years, he is presumed dead.

  (常与 to + inf 连用)放肆;擅作主张

  A servant ought not to presume.

  (与 on, upon 连用)指望;寄希望于…

  We must not presume too mush on the reliability of such sources.

  17.avocation vocation vacation

  avocation

  n.(个人)副业, 业余爱好

  vocation

  n.职业;行业;天职;使命

  vacation

  n.假期

  I worked in a small beachside restaurant

  during the college vacation.

  18.authentic authoritative

  authentic

  真实的:与事实相符并且值得相信、信赖的:

  an authentic account by an eyewitness.

  真正的:有着经证实的来源或创作者的;非伪造的或非复制的:

  an authentic medieval sword.

  一把真正的中世纪剑

  authoritative

  adj.(形容词)官方的:有着或由政府发起的;官方的:

  an authoritative decree;authoritative sources

  权威性的:拥有公认的精确性或优秀性的;极可信赖的:

  an authoritative account of the revolution.

  专断的:行使权力的;命令的:

  the captain's authoritative manner.

  19.adjoin adjacent adjourn

  adjoin

  vt.毗连;临近;贴近

  Our house adjoins theirs.

  adjacent

  adj.(与 to 连用)相邻的,邻近的

  adjourn

  vt.& vi.

  延期;休会,会议暂停

  The meeting will be adjourned till next Wednesday.

  20.admire admiral

  admire

  v.赞美,钦佩,羡慕

  admiral

  n.海军上将,舰队司令,旗舰

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