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2019考博英语形近词辨析(6)

2018-06-08 16:25:11 来源:网络考博资料下载

2019考博英语形近词辨析(6)

  11.collide collude

  collide

  vi.互撞;碰撞;(车、船等)猛撞

  The two trains collided.

  冲突;反对;强烈抵触(with)

  collude

  vi.共谋;勾结;串通(with)

  12. comment commend

  comment

  n.注释,评论,意见

  vi.注释,评论(on )

  commend

  vt.称赞,表扬,推荐,委托,吸引

  13. compel expel propel repel

  compel

  vt.强迫,迫使

  expel

  vt赶走:驱逐或把…赶出去:

  expel an invader.

  排出:从容器里或象从容器里释放;被迫离开;把…除名:

  expelled the student from college for cheating.See Synonyms at eject

  propel

  vt.推进,推动;驱策

  repel

  vt.击退;逐退

  to repel an attack

  使厌恶;使反感

  His accent repels me.

  14. contemporary temporary

  contemporary

  n.同时代的人

  adj.当代的,同时代的

  temporary

  adj.暂时的,临时的,临时性

  15. contemptuous contemptible

  contemptuous

  adj.(常与 of 连用)表示轻蔑的;傲慢的

  a contemptuous look

  contemptible

  adj.卑劣的

  It was contemptible of him to speak like that about a respectable teacher!

  It was a contemptible trick to tell lies and play on an old friend!

  16. confer infer refer prefer defer

  confer

  vt.授予(称号、学位等)on,赠与,把...赠与,协议

  v.协商,交换意见(on)

  The engineers and technicians are still conferring on the unexpected accident.

  infer

  vt.推断;推知;推论

  to infer an unknown fact from a known fact

  I infer from your letter that you have not made up your mind yet.

  refer

  vt.& vi.(常与to连用)涉及;提到;针对;有关

  The new law does not refer to farm land.

  提交;交付

  The shop referred the complaint to the manufacturers.

  prefer

  vt.(常与to连用)更喜欢;宁愿

  to prefer coffee to

  Which of these two dresses do you prefer?

  defer

  vt.推迟;延期

  vt.(与to连用)服从;顺从

  Do you always defer to your parents’ wishes?

  17. consequent subsequent

  consequent

  adj.作为结果的

  subsequent

  adj.随后的,后来的;继起的

  18. conventional convenient

  conventional

  adj.惯例的,常规的,习俗的,传统的

  convenient

  adj.便利的,方便的

  19. confidant confidante confident confidential

  confidant

  n.知己男友

  confidante

  n.知己的女友

  confident

  adj.确信的;有信心的;自信的

  Peter is confident of winning the post as the assistant to the managing director.

  confidential

  adj.机密的;秘密的

  a confidential order

  参与机密的;视为心腹的

  a confidential secretary

  20. convert divert invert revert reverse

  convert

  vt.(常与 into 连用)转变;变换

  to convert an old house into a new one

  That building has been converted into a school.

  兑换

  I want to convert some Hong Kong dollars into American dollars.

  改变信仰、党派或意见等

  She managed to convert him to her opinion.

  divert

  vt.转向;转移

  A ditch diverted water from the stream into the fields.

  Traffic was ordered to divert to another road because of the repair of the main road.

  The government is planning to divert the river to supply water to the town.

  A loud noise from the street diverted my attention.

  invert

  vt.置于相反位置;上下倒置

  The little boy caught the insect by inverting the cup over it.

  revert

  vi.(与to连用)恢复原状;回复;回到(原来话题);(财产等)归复,归还

  reverse

  vt.倒退;倒转

  He reversed the car.

  翻转

  She reversed the paper.

  改变;使成相反的东西

  He reversed the judgment and set the prisoner free after all.


本文关键字: 考博英语 2019考博

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