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2019考博英语阅读模拟练习题附详细答案解析(三十三)

2019-02-10 08:58:00来源:网络

2019考博英语阅读模拟练习题附详细答案解析(三十三)

  考博英语阅读理解题型想要获得高分平日的练习必不可少,新东方在线考博频道为考博生们整理了100篇考博英语阅读理解模拟练习题,希望考博生们做题时注意时间,认真对待,题后有详细的答案解析。

For many college students, back to school alsomeans back to downloading music over the university's high-speed Internetconnection. But not so fast: The music industry's crackdown on piracy on campusdidn't stop with the end of the spring semester.

In August, the Recording Industry Association ofAmerica sent pre-litigation letters to 58 colleges—coast to coast, from Boston Universityto San Diego State. More than 2,400 letters alreadyhave been sent to students at schools targeted by the RIAA. The letters offerstudents the option of paying a settlement fee based on the number of tunes thestudent allegedly downloaded illegally or taking the risk of a potentially moreexpensive lawsuit.

The music association isolates Internet addressesthat generate high downloading and file-sharing traffic, then asks the schoolto turn over the identity of those students, so it can get in touch with them. Some schools, like the University of Wisconsin,have declined to assist the RIAA, explaining that "to identify the IPusers and forward the letters to them would put the university in anuncomfortable and inappropriate alliance with the RIAA," says Meg McCall,a spokesperson for the university. "While we agree that violation ofcopyright law is serious and should be addressed, the only way to be certain ofinfractions is to pursue ac

Students also are a bit flummoxed by thepre-litigation letters, though many appear to be opting for the quicksettlement. When Cassandra Hunt, then a sophomore at the MassachusettsInstitute of Technology, received a notice from the school stating she wasidentified for violating copyright law, she asked the RIAA about the settlementfees. Explaining that it had identified 272 songs, which could potentiallycost $750 per song should her case go to trial, it offered her a settlementfee. "Now, I know what you're thinking," wrote thephysics major in an op-ed for The Tech last year. "With acollection of 272 whole songs, no wonder the RIAA felt compelled to squash mythreat to the sanctity of music. However the lady on the phone told me they'dbe willing to settle for $3,750." And that fee, explains Hunt, wasrequested to be paid within 15 days (though the RIAA offers a six-month paymentplan).

Colleges are taking their own measures to persuadestudents not to pirate music. Some schools are making deals with music downloadservices such as Ruckus to provide their students with free, legal options. Penn Stateis one of the schools that have signed up for Ruckus, which also incorporatessocial-networking features. Users can "friend" others to see whatplaylists they are putting together and download those songs in seconds iftheir school has a Ruckus server installed. "We like to think of ourselvesas a discovery tool," explains Charlie Moore, a senior vice president ofRuckus. But the songs downloaded can be listened to on the Ruckus player only,explains Moore.While some portable media devices can play the songs, Ruckus tunes can't beimported into iTunes or iPods. Students at Penn Statealso have reported some problems getting the Ruckus service to work on Apple'sMac computers. Nevertheless, that's still likely less commotion thanthey face from a pre-litigation letter.

  1. Which one of the following is not the measure taken by RIAA to fight against music piracy on campus?

  [A] Sending pre-litigation letters to students who have violated copyright law.

  [B] Blocking the access to downloading music to the students.

  [C] Asking schools to sign up for music download services.

  [D] Providing schools with charged legal access of music downloading services.

  2. University of Wisconsin declined to assist the RIAA because_____

  [A] they wanted to protect the students’ privacy.

  [B] they thought RIAA’s request was inappropriate.

  [C] they considered that actions should be carried through legal procedures.

  [D] they did not want to made an alliance with the RIAA.

  3. The word “flummoxed” (Line 1, Paragraph 4) most probably means_____

  [A] perplexed.

  [B] irritated.

  [C] annoyed.

  [D] disturbed.

  4. The case of Cassandra Hunt implies that _____

  [A] the students shows unexpected willingness to work with the RIAA on how to make the settlement fees more reasonable.

  [B] there exists contradiciton between RIAA’s payment plan and the actual payment requirment.

  [C] there exists some problems in RIAA’s acion against the students’ piracy.

  [D] RIAA attempts to assist students by cutting off the fees and lengthen the payment period.

  5. About services provided by Rucks to the students, which one of the following is NOT true?

  [A]Those who are friended by the users of Rucks can download the songs in seconds given that both ends have access to Ruckus server.

  [B] Music downloaded from the Ruckus server can only be played on the Ruckus player.

  [C] Users can download songs freely and legally but have to face the problem of incompatibility.

  [D] There are some problems in playing the songs downloaded with other players.

  文章剖析:

  这篇文章讲述美国唱片产业协会对校园音乐盗版现象采取的措施。第一、二段讲述美国唱片协会采取了一定措施惩戒校园盗版现象;第三段讲述学校的态度;第四段讲述学生的态度;第五段讲述学校也采取措施防止学生的音乐盗版。

  词汇注释:

  infraction n. 侵害 flummox v. 使惶惑

  sophomore n. 大二学生 commotion n. 暴乱

  难句突破:

  (1) The music association isolates Internet addresses that generate high downloading and file-sharing traffic, then asks the school to turn over the identity of those students, so it can get in touch with them.

  [主体句式]The music association isolates Internet addresses ,then asks the school to turn over…so it can get …

  [结构分析] 这是一个并列句。在前面的分句中,that引导的定语从句修饰addresses, 后面分句是带有目的状语从句的句子。

  [句子译文] 音乐协会隔离了高速下载和文件分享的因特网地址,还要求学校移交那些学生的身份以便与他们取得联系。

  (2) When Cassandra Hunt, then a sophomore at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, received a notice from the school stating she was identified for violating copyright law, she asked the RIAA about the settlement fees.

  [主体句式]When Casandra Hunt received a notice,she asked …

  [结构分析] 这是一个复合句, 在状语从句中, then a sophomore…是主语的同位语; stating…现在分词结构做定语修饰前面的notice。

  [句子译文] Cassandra Hunt是麻省理工学院的大学二年级学生,她从学校接到通知说已经被确定违反了版权法,于是就向美国唱片产业协会询问了解决费用。

  题目分析:

  1. Which one of the following is not the measure taken by RIAA to fight against music piracy on campus?1. 下列哪个不是美国唱片产业协会打击学校音乐盗版的措施?

  [A] Sending pre-litigation letters to students who have violated copyright law.[A] 给触犯了版权法的学生寄送预起诉信件。

  [B] Blocking the access to downloading music to the students.[B] 向学生封锁了下载音乐的途径。

  [C] Providing schools with charged legal access of music downloading services.[C] 为学校提供收费的音乐合法下载服务。

  [D] Persuading schools to cooperate with them in supplying the students’ identity.[D] 要求学校配合提供学生的身份。

  [答案]C

  [难度系数] ☆

  [分析] 细节题。选项A是全文中多次提到的;选项B,第三段提到了这一点。选项D,第三段也提到了这一点。C选项中所谓的“为学校提供收费的音乐合法下载服务”在文章中并没有具体的对应信息,属于空穴来风的选项。

  2. University of Wisconsin declined to assist the RIAA because_____2. 威斯康星大学拒绝协助美国唱片产业协会是因为_____

  [A] they wanted to protect the students’ privacy.[A] 他们想要保护学生的隐私。

  [B] they thought RIAA’s request was inappropriate.[B]他们认为该协会的要求是不适当的。

  [C] they considered that actions should be carried through legal procedures.[C] 他们认为应该通过法律程序来进行。

  [D] they did not want to made an alliance with the RIAA.[D] 他们不想和该协会联合。

  [答案]C

  [难度系数] ☆☆☆☆

  [分析]细节题。文章第三段提到,该大学拒绝协助唱片协会,解释是如果这样做了就会让人认为该大学和唱片协会达成了一种不适当的联合,他们也承认违反版权法应该被制裁,但是执行的唯一途径应当是通过法庭。可以看出,该大学是怕自己名誉受损,认为应该通过法律程序来进行。选项中,C最为符合题意。B文中并没有具体的提及。

  3. The word “flummoxed” (Line 1, Paragraph 4) most probably means_____3. “flummoxed”(第四段第一行)最有可能的意思为_____

  [A] perplexed.[A] 困惑的。

  [B] irritated.[B] 愤怒的。

  [C] annoyed.[C] 烦恼的。

  [D] disturbed.[D] 受烦扰的。

  [答案]A

  [难度系数] ☆☆

  [分析]猜词题。第四段主要讲述学生的一些反映,大部分学生选择了快速解决,但是有的学生却是另外一种态度。而该段所提到的Hunt的例子就说明她对这样的办法有一些疑虑。可以推断,该词是疑虑的意思,选项A符合题意。

  4. The case of Cassandra Hunt implies that _____4. Cassandra Hunt的例子说明了_____

  [A] the students shows unexpected willingness to work with the RIAA on how to make the settlement fees more reasonable.[A]出乎意料的是,学生们表达了他们愿意与RIAA合作来制定最合理解决费用的意愿。

  [B] there exists contradiciton between RIAA’s payment plan and the actual payment requirment.[B]唱片协会支付计划和实际的支付要求之间有矛盾。

  [C] there exists some problems in RIAA’s acion against the students’ piracy.[C]唱片协会反对学生盗版的行动中存在一些问题。

  [D]RIAA attempts to assist students by cutting off the fees and lengthen the payment period.[D]RIAA试图帮助学生们减少要缴纳的解决费用并且延长支付时期。

  [答案]C

  [难度系数] ☆☆☆

  [分析] 推理题。文章举Hunt的例子是为了说明学生中间有一些人对唱片协会的处决有一些疑惑,一是可以以较少的费用解决该问题;一是支付时间上存在一些问题。这个例子还是为了说明,唱片协会在处理该事件上还是有一些问题和争议存在。所有选项中,C最为符合题意。A的表述显然是错误的,因为首先Hunt的例子只是一个个例,并不代表所有的学生。此外,Hunt只是咨询相关的情况,这并不表明她持支持与合作的态度,相反她是对RIAA持讽刺态度的。D选项有一定的迷惑性,该例子中提到了RIAA减少了Hunt所需要交的费用,括号中也说明有一个六个月支付的计划,但这正是为了说明RIAA规定的不成熟性和随意性,与选项表述的态度是相反的,因此D选项也是错误的。

  5. About services provided by Ruckus to the students, which one of the following is NOT true?5.关于Ruckus提供给学生的服务,下列哪一个选项是错误的?

  [A]Those who are friended by the users of Ruckus can download the songs in their playlists in seconds given that both ends have access to Ruckus server.[A]Ruckus用户加为朋友的人可以在几秒钟内下载其播放列表的歌曲,如果双方都能够进入Ruckus服务器的话。

  [B] Music downloaded from the Ruckus server can only be played on Ruckus player.[B] 在Ruckus服务器上下载的音乐只能够用Ruckus的播放器来播放。

  [C] Users can download songs freely and legally but have to face the problem of incompatibility.[C]用户可以免费、合法地下载歌曲,但却必须面临无法兼容的问题。

  [D] There are some problems in playing the songs of Ruckus downloaded with other players.[D]用其他播放器播放下载的Ruckus歌曲时存在一些问题。

  [答案]B

  [难度系数] ☆☆☆

  [分析] 细节题。选项B, 文章最后一段提到别列为朋友后,这些朋友所在学校也必须有Ruckus的服务器时才可以快速下载播放列表的歌曲因此,其前提是“用户可以让他人“成为朋友”,从而看到他们的播放列表,如果这些朋友的学校也有Ruckus服务器的话也可以在几秒内下载这些歌曲”,因此A是正确选项。关于选项B,最后一段提到“虽然一些可携媒体设备可以播放歌曲,Ruckus歌曲却不能输入iTunes 或 iPods”,可见不一定是要在Ruckus的播放器上使用,还可以在其他一些播放器上使用,可见B选项时错误的,同时D选项是正确的。选项C,最后一段也提到了,可以为学生提供免费、合法的音乐。因此答案为B选项。

  参考译文:

  对于许多大学生来说,回到学校就意味着可以重新通过学校的高速因特网下载音乐了。但现在不会快了:音乐界打击校园盗版的行动并没有因为春季学期的结束而告终。

  八月份,美国唱片产业协会将预诉讼信送到了58所大学,从东海岸到了西海岸,从波斯顿大学到圣地亚哥州立大学。有2400多封信件已经寄到美国唱片产业协会注意到的学生手中了。信中给了学生两个选择,学生可以根据涉嫌非法下载歌曲的数量来支付一笔罚金,否则就可能面临更昂贵的诉讼。

  音乐协会隔离了高速下载和文件分享的因特网地址,还要求学校移交那些学生的身份以便与他们取得联系。一些学校,如威斯康星大学就拒绝协助美国唱片产业协会,该校解释说“找到这些IP用户并把信件转交给他们,这会使学校与美国唱片产业协会结成不合适的联盟,” 学校发言人Meg McCall说道,“虽然我们也认为违反版权法的行为后果严重,应该被处理,但是应该是通过法院来进行确定。”

  学生们对于预诉讼信件也颇为惶惑,虽然许多人选择了快速解决。Cassandra Hunt是麻省理工学院的大学二年级学生,她从学校接到通知说已经被确定违反了版权法,于是就向美国唱片产业协会询问了解决费用。协会解释说目前已经确定了272首歌,如果上升到法院的话可能每首歌要花费750美元,但协会说她可以交一笔解决费用了事。“现在我知道你是怎么想的,”去年这个物理学专业学生写道,“一共272首歌,毫无疑问美国唱片协会不得不压制我对音乐版权的侵犯。但是,电话上那个女士告诉我他们愿意以3750美元解决。” Hunt 解释说,这笔费用必须在15天内缴清(虽然美国唱片产业给出了一份6个月的分期支付计划)。

  学校自己也在采取措施防止学生下载盗版音乐。大多数学校与一些音乐下载服务(如Ruckus)进行合作,为学生提供免费、合法的音乐。宾西法尼亚州立大学已经和拥有社会网络功能的Ruckus签订了协议。用户可以与他人“成为朋友”,从而看到他们的播放列表,如果这些朋友的学校也有Ruckus服务器的话,就可以在几秒内下载这些歌曲。“我们更愿意把我们想象成探索工具,” Ruckus资深副总裁Charlie Moore解释道。但是下载的歌曲只能在Ruckus播放器上播放,Moore解释说。虽然一些可携媒体设备可以播放这些歌曲,Ruckus歌曲却不能输入iTunes 或 iPods。宾西法尼亚州立大学学生也反映在苹果计算机上运行Ruckus服务存在一些问题。但是,比起预起诉的麻烦来说这已经不算什么了。

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